Japan was known and criticised for its wartime brutality, but gained sympathy worldwide after the enormous devastation caused by the bombs that hit Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. This wasn’t just the first use of atomic bombs, but also the only two that have ever been used in history.
It was unknown at the time, that the USA were in a race with Japan to create the first atomic bomb. Japan had already detonated a nuclear explosion! If Japan had gotten there first, WWII could have taken a completely different turn. After the attacks, there were orders given to destroy all evidence of the Japanese atomic experiments, and it was not revealed until a scientist, Professor Karota, who retained the last remaining document, had passed away in 2001, and his widow had the documentation published.
“Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th 1945, annihilating 5 square miles of the city with a blast equal to 15000 tons of TNT. “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki on 9th August. The death tolls were huge. Between 90,000-166,000 people were killed at Hiroshima, and between 39,000-80,000 at Nagasaki. It was only half of these deaths that were due to the initial impact of the bomb, the other fatalities were a result of radiation exposure, severe burns and other injuries.
It was on August 15th that Japan had announced its surrender, merely days after the bombings and the Soviet Union’s declaration of war. Japan officially announced surrender on September 2nd by signing the instrument of surrender that in effect, ended WWII.
We would like to take a moment to commemorate those who lost their lives in this tragic event, and the families who had suffered the effects, too. Japan, today, is a beautiful country that flourishes in every aspect and is a place that we love.0